Creationists contend that Earth is less than 10,000 years old; prechronists explain Earth’s age by saying “God created things to look old.” In other words, the Holy Father intentionally created dinosaur bones, Earth, and the universe itself to appear older than 10,000 years.
Science tells us that the Big Bang occured 13.7 billion years ago. Overwhelming evidence points to an Earth that is 4.5 years old. The only gap in the science of the universe is this: what happened before the Big Bang? That question may remain forever unanswered.
Research says the bedrock at Lake Michigan’s Left Coast dates to the Devonian Period, which spans 60 million years from the end of the Silurian, 419.2 million years ago, to the beginning of the Carboniferous, 358.9 million years ago. This timeframe out of context is next to meaningless. A most fascinating era of evolution comprised the Devonian. The period is known as The Age of the Fishes. Some fish grew appendages, became able to breath oxygen in the air, and crawled out of the oceans as amphibians and their kin.
Lake Michigan has scoured the beach down to the Devonian bedrock in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin. One can walk on the ancient limestone and study its bumpy surface. Thousands, millions of fish died and sank to the bottom of the prehistoric ocean, eventually forming the sedimentary limestone. Holy mackerel, indeed.
Elizabeth G Fagan is a writer and artist who resides in southeastern Wisconsin—a place she calls Lake Michigan’s Left Coast. She started writing and taking photographs while attending The Hammonasset School, a private arts high school in Connecticut. Fagan has a BA in English from Grinnell College (Grinnell, Iowa) and the University of Illinois, Chicago (UIC). She has an MA in Linguistics from UIC; she specialized in teaching English as a second language (ESL). She returned to college when she earned an associate degree in Web Development from DePaul University (Chicago).
Fagan is passionate about the natural world and its creatures. She highly recommends the work of Chicago-based nature photographer Mark Swanson.
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